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The NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard) Events in the Process of Urbanization: Characteristics, Impacts and Countermeasures -- Based on the Analysis of 96 Typical Cases in China(Special Issue No. 42, 2016)


By Li Zuojun, Chen Jianpeng & Du Qianqian, Research Team on “Major Issues Relating to the Requirements for Ecological Civilization in Promoting the Construction of New Urbanization”, Research Institute of Resources and Environmental Policies, DRC

Research Report Special Issue No. 42, 2016 (Total 1517) 2016-9-30

Abstract: This paper gives an illustration of 96 typical cases of “not-in-my-backyard” (NIMBY) events during the process of urbanization in China since 2003, and analyzes the characteristics, impacts and reasons of the occurrence of NIMBY events. In view of the past events, most cases occurred in 2014, and such a frequent-occurrence momentum still prevails. With regard to regional-occurrence distribution, most cases occurred in the economically developed eastern provinces, with a shifting trend from east to west and from the city to the countryside. As regards industrial sectors getting involved, most cases are related to waste incinerators, substations, and PX (paraxylene) chemical projects. In regard to disposal consequences, most cases ended either with compromise or the suspension of related projects. There are many reasons leading to NIMBY events. If the cases are dealt with in a positive manner, it is helpful to force the government to strictly implement the environmental supervision procedures, establish a smooth channel for information disclosure, and promote the construction of environmental laws. However, if the cases are handled improperly, it will affect the credibility of the government, weaken the governing administrative ability, reduce the supply of public services, and even trigger new social contradictions. The paper also puts forward some suggestions for addressing NIMBY events.

Key words: the NIMBY events, the characteristics, impacts, reasons, policy recommendations