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Evaluation Results on Public Institution Reform

2017-03-15

Evaluation Results on Public Institution Reform

By Gong Sen & Tian Linlin, DRC

2016-11-28

The reform of public institution registration and management system is an important and fundamental issue for comprehensively pushing forward Chinese public institution reform, which is of great significance. According to the requirements of Interim Regulations on Public Institution Registration and Management and Rules for the Implementation of Interim Regulations on Public Institution Registration and Management, pilot practice was conducted initially in some provinces and cities, and the comprehensive reform was carried out across the country in late January 2015 and was basically completed by the end of May 2015.

First, evaluation on reform results. In terms of compliance requirement, the reform tasks like the renewal of legal body certificate, the submission of annual reports and online public notifications are basically completed. The items to be reported on work performance for approval by senior bodies have been reduced and the time for approval has been shortened. As a result, the efficiency and quality of registration and management work are improved, public institutions’ financial burden and operation cost are relieved to some extent and the awareness of self-discipline is intensified, and some initial achievements have been made. In terms of interest equilibrium, questionnaire feedback and survey results show that the public institutions are satisfied and the public are relatively satisfied with the reform results. In general, the reform results can basically meet the expected goals, but there are still some problems to be addressed like inadequate supervision mechanism measures and simplex supervision methods, and the channels for public notification and the collection of public opinions are not smooth.

Second, major issues and suggestions for future reform. Some experience has been gained in the initial period of reform. For instance, the public institutions are bold to impose reform measures on themselves such as self-inspection and self-supervision. In addition, the top-level design combined with local pilot practice can serve as reference for other parts of China. The following options are made for future reform. 1. We need to sum up the experience and flesh out relevant policies and regulations. 2. We need to encourage the public to participate in the process of reform and get to know more about reform results. 3. We need to enhance the audit work ability and efficiency of grassroots departments. 4. We need to provide more guidance to local governments on supervision work both during and after the projected task, including on-site inspections, evaluation of work performance, joint supervision, public hearing and the construction of credit system.

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