By Liu Tao, DRC
Owing to properly expanding the aggregate demand and strengthening the supply-side structural reform, the added value of service industry in 2016 increased by 7.8% year on year, with its growth rate surpassed that of GDP and secondary industry over the previous four years. The proportion of the added value of service industry to GDP has risen to 51.6% and the demands for consumption, investment and export have all made positive progress. Service consumption is vigorous, and newly-emerged consumption has developed soundly; investment in service industry is increasing steadily and its growth rate has exceeded that of secondary industry by 7.4 percentage points. The development of many industries including leasing and business service industry is gaining a swift momentum and the scale of service trade keeps expanding. Among the domestic top 500 enterprises of service industry, the overseas assets of 135 enterprises have increased by 29.6% year on year; the going global strategy has made new progress.
However, there remain some problems to be addressed in the development of service industry. The contribution share to GDP and the growth rate of some industries including real estate and finance are volatile; the sustainable growth of service consumption is facing some constraints induced by inadequate infrastructure facilities and supporting systems; the growth rate of private investment in service industries such as transportation and other industries with a high monopoly is declining; the trade deficit of service industry is worsening and the proportion of that of travel service industry in the whole service trade deficit accounts for 92.2%.
In 2017, we need to focus on deepening the supply-side structural reform and strive to improve the supply capacity and efficiency of productive service industry. We need to promote the mixed ownership reform of state-owned service enterprises, encourage more non-governmental social funds to invest in the weak links of service consumption, enhance fair market competition, shore up the opening-up of service industry and the innovation development of service industry, flesh out supply structure of domestic service industry and cultivate new drivers to expand and improve the development of service industry.