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China’s Mobile Population: Managerial Mechanism and Policy Evolution (Special Issue, No.38, 2019)


By Liu Lihui, Research Team on “Study on the Participation of Non-registered Residents in Community Governance”, Institute of Public Administration and Human Resources, DRC

Research Report, Special Issue, No.38, 2019 (Total 1666) 2019-5-27

Abstract: Against the backdrop of rapid urbanization and industrialization, China’s mobile population has reached 244 million to become an important participant group of local social governance. The mobile population policy in China since reform and opening-up has followed three approaches. First, reforming the household registration system to break the barriers for the mobile population. Second, improving social securities for the mobile population to safeguard their rights and interests in pursuit of fairness and equity in employment. Third, enhancing the public services in both urban and rural areas to boost better citizenship of the mobile population and community integration. In the process for the mobile population to fit in the society, the Party Committees and governments of all levels, community organizations and new citizens have played respective roles in political leadership, policy guidance, direct contact and interaction plus professional services, social network restructuring and governance participation. In the new era, we should meet the urban-rural integration requirements for development with action, change the government management service mind-set, reform the registration system, propel big-data-based management, coordinate the managerial service resources, build a market-oriented and professional public service system, and make the administrative procedures more simple and convenient, in a bid to explore and expand the channels and boundaries for the mobile population to participate in social governance.

Key words: mobile population, social integration, community-level governance, policy