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The Micro Basis and Policy Implications of Employment Quality Change (Special Issue, No. 124, 2019)


By Zhou Lingling & Zhao Yiting, Research Team on “Demographic Change and Employment Opportunities” Institute of Public Administration and Human Resources, DRC

Research Report, Special Issue, No. 124, 2019 (Total 1752) 2019-12-19

Abstract: Workers’ income in their initial employment is mainly influenced by their educational background and health status, and social capital has no significant influence on the income of the workers in their initial employment. With the increasing length of service, the effect of educational background on workers’ income gradually decreases, while that of occupational skills and social networks increases. As relative income levels rise, it becomes relatively difficult for workers to enter higher income levels, and the jump from middle to higher incomes is largely dependent on social capital. In the initial employment, human capital has no significant influence on task autonomy, while social capital has a significant positive influence on task autonomy. With the increase of service length, the ability of workers to independently choose their job is enhanced, and the influence of human capital and social capital on task autonomy stands out. In terms of job stability, human capital and social capital have a significant impact on job stability in the initial employment, while in the current employment performance, human capital has a major impact on job stability. In short, both human capital and social capital can improve the employment quality of workers, but there are differences in the impact on different groups and stages of employment.

Key word: employment quality, human capital, social capital