The fund for science and technology (S&T) activities refers to the money raised for S&T services, research and development (R&D), research result application and other activities or refers to the actual spending on these activities.
Producer services have become the focus of current industrial international competition and major value-added and profit point in the global value chains (GVC).
Rural social security system is a system established at a specific stage of social development with rural residents as the insured subjects and social security beneficiaries.
The Economic & Social Affairs Department of the Office of the State Council Leading Group for Western Development and the Research Department of Social Development of the Development Research Center of the State Council jointly carried out the "Study on the Countermeasures for Improvement of Rural Public Services in the Western Region".
The rural market is China's most extensive market with the greatest potential.
In general, those working in China's state-owned enterprises and institutions and government departments are called system personnel, and those working outside this system are called non-system personnel.
Since the policy of reform and opening up was introduced, huge progress has been made in China's foreign trade, with total export volume increasing in a rapid and continuous manner and the share of manufactured goods, mechanical and electrical products and high-tech products in exports significantly raised.
In the "Survey of Chinese Enterprise Operators 2006", the China Entrepreneurs Survey System, under the Human Resources Research and Training Centre of the Development Research Centre of the State Council sent out 13,000 copies of questionnaires on August 10, 2006 and collected 4,586 valid copies.