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Macro Economy

Gorbachev's Reform: Road to Ruin (Special Issue No.54, 2015)


With a goal to revitalize socialism and to accelerate the economic development of the Soviet Union, Gorbachev's reform, however, turned out contrary to the original wishes and resulted in the disintegration of the Party and the Soviet Union.

Some Typical Cases of Methodology-Based Reforms at All Times and in All Countries (Special Issue No.55, 2015)


History has proved that the methods and manners adopted in promoting reform are vital to success.

Wang Anshi’s Reform in the Northern Song Dynasty: A Comprehensive Reform and Its Pros and Cons


In 1069 A.D., Wang Anshi (1021-1086) launched a comprehensive supplementary reform with relevant supporting measures, which centered on the management of financial sector and the rectification of army relating to various areas such as politics, economy, culture, social and military affairs.

Zhang Juzheng’s Reform in the Ming Dynasty: Financial and Taxation Reform Amidst Social Crisis


During the middle-to-later period of Ming Dynasty, highly centralized political system grew increasingly corrupted, land annexation became extremely serious, and the people lived in dire poverty, all of which led to a ruling crisis of the Ming Dynasty.

From Reform Movement to New Deal in Late Qing Dynasty


In late Qing Dynasty, China was facing domestic unrest and foreign aggression. The failed reforms including the Reform Movement (also known as Hundred Days’ Reform) and the New Deal during late Qing Dynasty could not save the Qing government from the fate of extinction.

Shang Yang’s Reform in the Period of Warring States: Legalists’ Reform Was Based on People’s Trust


In the period of Warring States (475-221 B.C.) in China, with an aim of increasingthe state and military power, various states carried out reforms with different forms and goals.

Literature Review of Studies on the Methodology of China’s Reform


Methodology is an instrumental system aimed at solving problems. It provides general methods for people to get to know things and resolve problems, or it offers relevantmeans and approaches for observing things and tackling problems.

Suggestions on Promoting the “Military Industry Plus” Strategy in Mianyang


Mianyang city in Sichuan Province is an important military, scientific and technological production base with China’s only national-level scientific and technological facilities.